Teaching about phrases
- Back to phrases
- Why is it important to know about phrases?
- KS3 pupils’ strengths and weaknesses in this area
- Two KS3 passages analysed for phrases
The National Curriculum for English and the Framework for Teaching English: Years 7-9 both refer to specific areas of understanding that pupils should develop.
The National Curriculum for English at Key Stages 3 and 4 has the following requirements:
Writing: Language Structure
Pupils should be taught the principles of sentence grammar …
They should be taught the structure of phrases and clauses and how they can be combined to make complex sentences.
The Key Stage 3 National Strategy: Framework for teaching English: Years 7, 8 and 9 contains the following objectives:
Sentence construction and punctuation
Pupils should be taught to:
- expand nouns and noun phrases, e.g. by using a prepositional phrase.
- building simple phrases in their everyday speech;
- applying a wide range of different patterns in these simple phrases;
- applying these patterns accurately.
Need to develop:
- their ability to combine familiar patterns to make more complex phrases;
- full control over some patterns which are needed for adult literacy.
Most KS3 pupils know individual patterns such as these:
really big dog
dog that I saw
but may have difficulty in combining them to produce a complex phrase:
… that really big, angry dog that I saw …
or be unable to use patterns found mainly in adult writing such as:
It was so cold a day that no-one went out.
Those who wanted to …
The poor need support …